European domains: Spain (.es)
Restrictions: Spanish domains, None for second-level registrations after 2005 phase-in of open registration; there are restrictions on some of the specific subdomains
.es is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Spain. It is administered by the Network Information Center of Spain.
Registrations are permitted at the second level or at the third level beneath various generic second level categories. Some qualifications and restrictions apply to third-level registrations depending on which second-level domain they are within. Seond-level registrations have had some limitations including requiring registrants to have a connection with Spain, but these restrictions were lifted in a multi-stage process completed by the end of 2005, at which point registrations at the second level of .es were open to anybody worldwide.
Background Information :
Population2007 estimate 45,200,737 (28th) - Density 90 people/km2 (106th) 231/sq mi
GDP(PPP) 2007 estimate - Total $1,351 trillion (11th) - Per capita $30,118 (IMF) (27th)
National Anthem"Marcha Real" (Spanish)[note 1] "Royal March"
AreaTotal 504,030 km2 (51st) 195,364 sq mi - Water (%) 1.04
International Dialling Code34
Population type89% Spanish, 11% minority immigrant groups
GovernmentParliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy - King Juan Carlos I - Prime Minister JosÈ¨ Luis RodrÈ¡guez Zapatero Formation15th century - Unification 1469 - Dynastic union 1516 - de facto 1716 - de jure 1812 EU
LanguageSpanish (Castilian)[note 2] Recognised regional languages Aranese, Basque, Catalan/Valencian and Galician
Motto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"
Time ZoneCET[note 4] (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Date formatsdd.mm.yyyy (Spanish; CE) yyyy.mm.dd (Basque). Spain (Spanish:, Spanish pronunciation: [espana]) or the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espana), is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula.[note 6] Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranen Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla, that border Morocco. With an area of 504,030 km, Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe after France.
Because of its location, Spain has been subject to many external influences, often simultaneously, since prehistoric times. At certain times, the country itself has been an important source of influence to other regions. Archaeological and genetic eidence strongly suggests that the Iberian Peninsula acted as one of three major refugia from which northern Europe was repopulated following the end of the last ice age. It was also the seat of of a global empire that has left a legacy of over 400 million Spanish speakers today. The combination of external influences with the interactions of the culturally and politically differentiated regions of the rugged peninsula has produced a dramatic history; typified by alternating periods of unity and disunity, under very different regimes.